Ergonomics is the science of modifying jobs to fit the capabilities of the people who do them. Work-related MSDs result when there is a mismatch between the physical capability of workers and the physical demands of their jobs. Ergonomics helps resolve this mismatch.
Ergonomics helps reduce MSDs that can result when the worker’s job requires repetitive reaching, using forceful exertions, bending and lifting, working with vibrating equipment, or other repetitive motions.
Ergonomic engineering controls may change the design of a workstation, a production line, or the way a job is performed for the purpose of reducing MSDs.
Ergonomics may introduce safe work practices, such as providing alternative tasks or allowing workers to rotate through different types of jobs throughout the day, so that their exposure to risk factors is reduced.
Finally, ergonomic personal protective equipment (PPE) may be used to provide additional protection from MSDs.
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